The World's Greatest Explorers

The achievements of the world’s first great explorers are boundless challenges for humanity to lead people to the mysterious and unknown.

Neil Armstrong (August 5, 1930 – August 25, 2012) was an American astronaut and the first person to set foot on the Moon, during a trip on Apollo 11 with two astronauts Buzz Aldrin. and Michael Collins.

The World's Greatest Explorers
Astronauts Armstrong, Collins and Aldrin (from left).

In the early 1960s, the US space agency (NASA) began to realize the goal of “putting a man on the Moon safely, and bringing this astronaut back to earth safely”. At that time, the goal that NASA set was something that the American public as well as the whole world had never thought of.

On July 16, 1969, the Apollo 11 spacecraft with three astronauts Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin left the launch pad at Kennedy Space Center. On July 19, 1969, Apollo 11 entered lunar orbit.

On July 20, 1969, the world’s first manned flight successfully landed on the surface of the Moon. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first astronauts to set foot on the Moon. Mankind’s wish to conquer the moon has come true.

As soon as he stepped from the spacecraft to the Moon, Neil Armstrong said: “This is one small step for a man, but one giant leap for mankind”.

During this landing, two astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin – in addition to successfully planting the US flag on the Moon, they also collected soil samples and the mineral Armalcolite.

In a number of later studies, American scientists found that the ratio of oxygen isotopes on the Moon is exactly the same as on the Earth, and the mineral Armalcolite is also present in many places on Earth. This strengthens the theory that the Moon formed after the massive impact of an asteroid with the Earth about 4.5 billion years ago.

The World's Greatest Explorers
Explorer Amundsen.

In 1911, British explorer Scott and Norwegian explorer Amundsen competed to the South Pole. As a result, Amundsen reached his destination 33 days earlier than Scott, and became the first person to set foot in Antarctica.

On December 13, 1642, Dutch explorer Abel Janszoon Tasman was the first to discover the islands in the South Pacific Ocean, which are now known as New Zealand. During the expedition, Tasman and his crew encountered many dangers, especially when faced with the natives on the island, many of his sailors had to die here.

The World's Greatest Explorers
Abel Janszoon Tasman.

In August 1642 Tasman was assigned to command an expedition called “Mysterious Southern Land”. This voyage was intended to go to the South Pacific, but did not arrive immediately.

On December 13 the expedition sighted land on the northwest coast of the South Island, one of New Zealand’s two main islands. After some initial exploration he anchored to the east shore, and nine days later was the first European to see New Zealand.

The World's Greatest Explorers
Yuri Gagarin.

On April 12, 1961, humanity became the space-conqueror species when cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin went into orbit on a 108-minute high-altitude flight above Earth.

When making this historic flight marking an important milestone in understanding and exploring this universe, Yuri Gagarin was only 27 years old. A few weeks before the decision to send Gagarin into space, another ship was launched to test to ensure safety. That ship, called Vostok 3KA-2, carried a mannequin named Ivan Ivanovich and a dog named Zvezdochk. In 1993, this mannequin was auctioned at the famous Sotheby’s auction house.

In 1968, while training with MiG-15s, Gagarin and instructor pilot V. Seregin had an accident at about 10:31 ′ when they had finished training to return and were forever dead at the age of 34

The World's Greatest Explorers
Peary’s expedition reaches the North Pole.

In the summer of 1908, Peary decided to go deep into the north pole of the earth. Leaving New York on July 6, 1908, the battleship USS Roosevelt took him to the north to Cape Sheridan, and from here, on March 1, 1909, Peary and 5 companions, including a black man, use a dog-sled sled deep into the icy…

Until April 6, 1909, the expedition led by Peary reached a location named Camp Jesup, which he believed was the northernmost point of the Earth, and became the first person to set foot in the frozen area. This.