Top 7 fires that changed world history

Throughout human history, there have been many fires that have led to changes in population distribution, infrastructure, and the course of world events.

Top 7 fires that changed world history
The fire that destroyed this Great Library is still controversial to this day.

The Great Library of Alexandria is part of The Mouseion (Temple of the Muses) in Alexandria. Inside it is a wealth of immeasurable value: knowledge of the ancient world, contained in half a million scrolls collected from Assyria, Greece, Persia, Egypt, and India. Scholars from all over the world flock here to study and work, including Euclid and Ptolemy. The library was built under Ptolemy I Soter, a general of Alexander the Great and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, in 283 BC.

The great fire at the Great Library of Alexandria was so terrible that it has been included in literature by many writers, from William Shakespeare to Tom Stoppard.

The fire that destroyed this Great Library is still controversial to this day. Plutarch claimed Julius Caesar was the one who opened the fire when he set fire to his ships anchored in the harbor during his attempt to capture the city in 48 BC. Most scholars believe that a branch of the library was lucky to be unharmed in the temple of the Serapeum, but was destroyed in 391 BC by Theophilus, bishop of Alexandria, and the Christians. of him, who later built a church in the ruins of the library. No matter who did it, the priceless scrolls containing ancient knowledge are forever gone from this world.

Top 7 fires that changed world history
The Great Fire left 100,000 people homeless.

The California wildfires in 2020 are not the first major fire to strike in the midst of a pandemic; The Great Fire of London engulfed the city in flames during the height of the Black Death and destroyed more than 13,000 homes, leaving 100,000 people homeless. From September 2 to 6, 1666, a fire consumed much of medieval London and damaged many iconic structures such as St. Paul. People fled, trying to bring as much possessions as possible, creating chaos on the streets and even major roads.

The rebuilding of London took more than 30 years, but the outlines of Sir Christopher Wren’s city planning can still be seen today, through the stonework and wide streets that replaced for narrow alleys and wooden buildings that fire has “eaten”. The London Fire also helped create two entirely new industries: modern property insurance and firefighting.

Top 7 fires that changed world history
On a cold winter night on December 16, 1835, a central warehouse caught fire.

The Great Fire of 1835 took place in the midst of a cholera epidemic in New York City. On a cold winter night on December 16, 1835, a central warehouse caught fire. Strong winds spread the fire quickly, hitting more than 17 neighborhoods and turning part of the frozen East River into a sea of fire as pine oil from the warehouse leaked into the water.

The city’s water supply system at that time was not strong enough to contain the fire. New York City’s population has grown 60 percent in the last decade thanks to booming trade along the Erie Canal, and weak systems for protecting public health and clean water.

From the ashes, people revealed their ability to improve: they built the Croton Aqueduct in May 1837. ” It brings 12 million gallons of water into the city every day, giving firefighters what they need to put out fires and a source of pure water for homes and businesses – something that is especially urgent for a city struggling with a persistent pandemic,” said Dan Levy, author of the forthcoming book Manhattan Phoenix. It revolutionized America’s water system and became a model for a whole generation of American engineers, who later contributed to the countless railroads that carried water and many of the country’s canals. water”.

Top 7 fires that changed world history
This fire left 300 people dead and more than 90,000 people homeless, a third of the city was destroyed.

The Great Chicago Fire took place from October 8 to 10, 1871, killing 300 people and leaving more than 90,000 homeless, a third of the city was destroyed. “Because Chicago was at the heart of the national telegraph network, with links to Europe, this great fire became the first international live news event,” said Carl S. Smith, author book Chicago’s Great Fire: The Destruction and Resurrection of an Iconic American City.

The “Great Reconstruction” that took place after the fire helped change the face of Chicago, turning it into a new and powerful economic center. More than 10 million USD has been donated to the community. ” It got done very quickly with a huge investment,” said Smith, ” because of Chicago’s vital position between the natural resources of the American outback and where the food is produced. favored by Easterners and Europeans – grain, meat, and a variety of other goods and commodities – its reconstruction is a priority and an investment that resonates with investors. The Great Fire had a major impact on the image of Chicago, the embodiment of irresistible modern life in America.”

The fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist factory on March 25, 1911 killed 146 workers of the Triangle Waist Company, which was trapped in the Asch building in the village of Greenwich, New York City. Many people died trying to jump out of the building in groups of two and three, or burned to death in the crowd because they could not get out of the locked exits. ” Everybody who tried to jump down died. It was a horrifying scene,” witness Frances Perkins said. Most of the victims were young women and immigrants, many of whom came to the United States in hopes of a better life.

The fire contributed to the formation of labor unions, and public criticism pressured the US government to introduce measures to protect workers, leading to the emergence of government departments. new legislation on workplace safety. Perkins was so angry that he devoted his life to defending workers’ rights. She assisted in the establishment of the Factory Investigations Commission and eventually became the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration’s Secretary of Labor, bringing about changes to the working environment across the United States.

Top 7 fires that changed world history

The arsonists turned the Reichstag, the German parliament building, into a sea of fire on February 27, 1933. Adolf Hitler, a rising politician who had been appointed Chancellor of Nazi Germany a month earlier, immediately accused the Communists of causing the fire.

The fire of the Reichstag played an important role in Hitler’s consolidation of power,” said Benjamin Hett, professor and author of Burning the Reichstag. ” It provided a pretext for the creation of emergency legislation – also known as the Reichstag Fire Ordinance – which destroyed the democratic constitution of the Weimar Republic (German Republic) and put an end to the freedom of speech and assembly, the right to privacy of correspondence, and the right not to be arrested without being charged.

What is little known, but extremely important, is that this decree allowed Hitler’s Nazi government to take control of any state Germany did not ‘follow orders’. Some state governments at that time were in the hands of nasty opponents of the Fascist party, so this power was very important,” said Hett. To this day, the identity of the arsonists remains the same. controversial issues.

John D. Rockefeller’s first oil refinery was built along a stream that flows into the Cuyahoga River. Although Rockefeller’s Standard Oil plant dumps oil into the river, it has long been, in fact, considered a Cleveland sewer. From 1868 to 1952, this river burned 9 times.

The fire we are talking about here, which occurred on June 22, 1969, is quite small compared to previous fires, but there is one important difference: ” Many rivers have been severely polluted in the past. 1960s, but the Cuyahoga River caught on fire just as the national media began to regard environmental pollution as a serious problem, and society is becoming increasingly aware of the need to protect the environment. John H. Hartig, PhD, Great Lakes science and policy consultant.

” The Cuyahoga Fire and other environmental disasters such as the 1969 Santa Barbara oil spill have become national symbols of industry indifference and weak public regulation. needed a target to focus on, and the Cuyahoga River Fire became the number one candidate,” said Hartig. Time magazine covered the Cuyahoga River fire in the same issue as the moon landing and Ted Kennedy’s Chappaquiddick scandal, bringing the story to 8 million readers.

The public reaction to the 1969 Cuyahoga River fire led to the formation of the Environmental Protection Agency and environmental protection laws such as the National Environmental Policy Act 1970, the Clean Water Act. 1972, the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement between the United States and Canada of 1972, and the Threatened Species Act 193.