How do snipers destroy enemies thousands of meters away?

The task of snipers is to destroy targets at a longer range than conventional rifles from 500m to 1.8km. How do they complete the task?

A sniper or sniper (English term Sniper) is a person who uses a sniper rifle from a hidden position, shooting at a target usually from a distance of many kilometers.

The word “sniper” originated in 1824 among rifle users. The Soviet Red Army was a pioneer in the use of snipers on a large scale and considered it a specialized force. When World War II broke out, up to 60,000 snipers trained in the Soviet Red Army.

In 2009, British gunner Craig Harrison, of the British Royal Guard during the invasion of Afghanistan, used the L115A3 rifle caliber.338 Magnum manually loaded down the target at a distance of 2,475 meters (record at the time). there). The bullet’s flight time is up to 4 seconds, and the rainbow projectile is more than 50 m high (the weather at that time was very favorable: the wind was calm, the humidity was low and the air was thin, so the projectile was not deviated much, this helped Harrison make this very difficult shot).

How do snipers destroy enemies thousands of meters away?

In June 2017 in Northern Iraq, a Canadian sniper using a McMillan TAC-50 sniper rifle from a distance of 3,450m killed an ISIS soldier, breaking the all-time long-range sniper record. The gunner’s identity is still being kept secret for security reasons.

The sniper who killed the most enemy troops was Soviet Mikhail Ilyich Surkov during the Soviet-German War, with 702 Germans confirmed plus about 300 other Germans who may have been killed by him (more than 1,000).

To make a successful sniper shot, a sniper not only needs to learn how to aim accurately, but also learn ways to disguise or hide, because if the position is discovered, the sniper will be vulnerable to attack. attacked by enemy fire.

The task of snipers is to destroy targets at a longer range than conventional rifles, from 500m to 1.8km.

Snipers often have to undergo specialized training, rifles equipped with high quality optical sights to hit targets that are often just specks of light on the horizon.

Snipers are trained to pull the trigger with their fingertips to limit the movement of the gun, the most accurate shooting position is lying on the stomach with a sandbag or two, three-legged gun support, and cheek to the butt of the gun. .

Shooters practice shooting between heartbeats to minimize gun shake. In addition, one must master the skill of determining distance, wind, altitude difference and other factors that can affect the trajectory of the bullet.

The distance to the target should be measured and estimated as accurately as possible. Calculating the distance becomes essential with distant targets because the bullet travels in an arc and the gunner has to adjust the gun higher than the target because the bullet will be lowered by gravity.

Binoculars or scopes with laser rangefinders can be used, but are often not chosen on the battlefield because the laser can be detected by the enemy. A useful method for determining distance is to compare the height of the target (or objects close to the target) with the gauge on the viewfinder to infer the distance. The average human head is 150 mm wide, 500 mm wide at the shoulders, and the distance from the buttocks to the top of the head is 1m.

Beyond mere distance, snipers also face the technical limitations of their weapons and the laws of physics when it comes to long-range shots.

Once out of the barrel, the bullet will begin to decelerate due to gravity. This causes the bullet to follow a slow downward arc. Bullets are also susceptible to weather conditions, especially wind, and are more susceptible to environmental conditions as they gradually lose velocity.

Snipers, often use experience from previous skirmishes to predict how a bullet will move under what conditions. For example, a sniper will know how a 7.62mm bullet will fall at 700m and how a gust of wind 9.6km/h will blow the bullet away. Armed with this knowledge, snipers can tailor their weapons to hit a target at distances of up to kilometres.

Recently, DARPA (the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) of the US has successfully researched the EXACTO (Extreme Accuracy Tasked Ordnance) ammunition capable of guiding and hitting targets with high accuracy. .

Although DARPA does not share the technology, according to some sources, they use optical sensors at the tip and edge to adjust the flight of the bullet. The optical sensor appears to be located in a location that has been designated by the laser. The guidance system is similar to a laser-guided missile.

British AD carry Craig Harrison

Sergeant Craig Harrison is part of the sniper force, supporting the British army against the Taliban extremists in Afghanistan.

In November 2009, Harrison spotted two Taliban fighters with machine guns firing at their comrades in front. The British sergeant estimated the distance to the target at 2,475 meters, 900 meters further than the effective range of the standard L115A3 sniper rifle.

Harrison fires 5 rounds, each bullet takes 6 seconds to reach the target location. Two shots missed, but one shot through the belly of the Taliban, the other killed the support gunman and the last bullet destroyed the machine gun.

Thanks to this feat, Craig Harrison set the record for the longest sniper in the world, recognized by the Guinness Book of Records.

Canadian sniper.

In Operation Anaconda, sniper Rob Furlong, of the 3rd battalion, Patricia corps, Canada went down in history with the “extremely difficult” shot, killing the terrorist gunman.

In March 2002, Furlong used a Tac-50R2 rifle to aim at an al-Qaeda fighter from a distance of 2,430 meters in southern Afghanistan. The first two shots missed, but the third shot hit the terrorist.

Furlong’s shot from an “unbelievable” distance was praised not only for its range but also because it was delivered under extremely unfavorable circumstances. The target was also climbing a mountainside.

Canadian AD carry Arron Perry

Furlong’s comrade Perry, of the Patricia Corps (PPCLI) sniper reconnaissance group. This is the Canadian force involved in peacekeeping missions abroad.

Perry’s shot was also shot in 2002 in Afghanistan. Arron Perry shot down the Taliban sniper at a distance of 2,310 meters, with a McMillan Tac-50 rifle.

According to eyewitnesses, the Taliban sniper was not able to locate Perry when he was hit. Perry held the record for the longest sniper shot in the world for several days before being beaten by teammate Furlong.

American AD carry Brian Kremer

American sniper Brian Kremer was sent to Iraq with the 2nd US Ranger Battalion. In March 2004, Kremer used a Barrett M82A1 gun to shoot down rebels at a range of 2,300 meters.

Information about the battle and the shot that entered Kremer’s history was kept secret for many years. This is considered the longest sniper shot by an American soldier.

Kremer’s teammates said that in two years of fighting in Iraq, the marksman had two successful shots at a distance of more than 2,100 meters.

South African snipers

A battalion of South African soldiers from the United Nations peacekeeping force took part in the fight against the Congolese army in 2013.

During the battle at Kibati, the unidentified South African sniper killed six Congolese rebels, including one shot at a distance of up to 2,125 meters.

American AD carry Nicholas Ranstad

In January 2008, Nicholas Ranstad was on a reconnaissance and information gathering mission on the battlefield when he discovered 4 Taliban fighters, These targets were 2,059 meters away from Ranstad but stood in the right area where Ranstad has sniper experience. best.

The first shot missed the target, but the second shot killed a Taliban gunman on the spot. The remaining 3 guys took advantage of the situation to seek shelter and escape.